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Measurement and Attribution: A Guide to Business Success

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In today’s digital age, marketing has evolved into a sophisticated and data-driven discipline. One of the key elements that drive marketing success is the ability to measure and attribute the impact of your efforts accurately. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dive deep into the world of measurement and attribution, covering everything from the basics to the latest trends, including how to navigate the impending removal of cookies. Let’s get started!

What is marketing attribution and measurement?

Before we start, let’s go over the definition of marketing attribution, as well as the many components that it contains. 

Marketing attribution refers to the assessment of the impact of different marketing touchpoints (along the customer journey) on the buying decision. The main goal of this activity is to determine which channels have the most influence on the customer’s behaviors. 

In addition, various attribution models are used to help analyze and assign credit to the appropriate touchpoints. This will also provide insights into which channels are driving conversion, as well as how customers interact with your brands. Some of the most popular attribution models include first-click, last-click, position-based, time decay, and many more. 

Next, we are going to look at the definition of “measurement”. Measurement involves the collection and analysis of data to assess the performance of your marketing campaigns. In the context of attribution, measurement refers to the different attribution data, attribution metrics (such as conversion rate, click rate, etc.) and attribution models. Each marketing touchpoint (such as Facebook ad, email sign up or website visit) will need a different set of attribution metrics to determine its output. In addition, an attribution model needs to be applied if business wishes to understand the impact of their marketing strategies all along the customer journey. 

Why do measurement and attribution matter?

In this day and age, the customer journey is becoming increasingly complex. In order to understand customers’ behaviors and the impact of our marketing strategies, we need to constantly track and monitor each campaign. And the easiest way to do this is by utilizing attribution metrics and models. 

For example, brand A’s September marketing campaign for its new notebook collection includes 2 main activities: 1 Facebook post and 1 discount promotional email. For both of these activities, brand A decides to use click-through rate (CTR) and cost per lead (CPL) as the main assessment metrics. The attribution model used will be position-based. Now, at the end of the September marketing campaign, brand A can evaluate the effectiveness of its marketing activities and come up with an improvement plan for the next month. 

attribution and measurement example

As you can see, measurement and attribution are crucial to a business’s marketing plan. Some other benefits of measurement & attribution includes: 

Marketing Spend Optimization 

With appropriate measuring and credit attributing, businesses will be able to pinpoint which marketing channels are the most effective and allocate their budget accordingly. Touchpoints with a higher set of attribution metrics will be given more budget, while low performing ones will receive less budget. In the long, businesses can also use this data to make more informed decisions concerning their marketing direction and strategy. 

Understanding Customer Behavior

Attribution is like a map of your customers’ journeys. It helps you understand how potential customers move through your marketing funnel and what influences their decisions. This insight is invaluable for creating targeted, effective marketing strategies. In addition, businesses can also personalize their messages according to the insights on customer’s behaviors to encourage purchase. Another benefit is businesses can leverage the data gained to create content that better aligns with the customer’s interests and behaviors. 

What are some attribution metrics? 

To effectively measure the success of your marketing efforts, you need to track specific Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and attribution metrics. This decision can depend on several factors, some of them include your advertising platform, your business industry or your desired outcomes. While there are various marketing metrics for each specific usage, these are some of the most commonly – used ones: 

some popular attribution metrics

Click-Through Rate (CTR)

CTR measures the percentage of people who clicked on a specific link or ad out of the total number of people who saw it. A high CTR indicates that your ad or content is compelling and resonating with your audience. It’s a vital metric for assessing the effectiveness of your call-to-action (CTA) and ad copy.

Conversion Rate (CR)

Conversion rate refers to the percentage of customers making a desired action, such as making a purchase, signing up for a newsletter, or filling out a contact form. If a business has a high conversion rate, it means that your website, product page or payment section are fully optimized and effective at turning visitors into customers or leads. Some sub-categories inside conversion rate are CPC (cost per click) or CPL (cost-per-lead). 


This metric refers to the total amount of money generated from your marketing activities. It could also be broken down into these sub-categories, such as Return of Investment (ROI), which refers to the revenue earned over the total amount spent on a specific campaign. Another popular metric is Return on Ad Spend (ROAS), which is revenue over the total advertising expense. 

Bounce Rate 

This metric is interesting, as bounce rate measures the percentage of visitors who navigate away from your website after viewing only one page. Looking at a business’s bounce rate, we can evaluate whether their landing page or website is effective or not. This is why this metric is absolutely essential for optimizing user experience and engagement.

Now that we are clear on which attribution metrics to take note of, it’s time to decide how to allocate revenue credit to the appropriate touchpoints. Generally, there are 2 main approaches to marketing attribution models: 

  • Single-touch attribution models: Allocate 100% of the credit to only 1 touchpoint in the customer journey. There are 3 models that belong to this category: Last-click, first-click, and last non-direct attribution. 
  • Multi-touch attribution models: Distribute credit to multiple touchpoints along the customer journey. This big category consists of around 5 more models, including linear, time decay, position-based (u-shaped), w-shaped, and custom (data-driven) attribution.

Now, let’s look at a comparison table of some of the most popular attribution models to grasp a better idea of how they work and when to use them. 

ModelCredit AllocationWhen to use
First-Touch – Assigns full credit to the first touchpoint– Emphasizes the importance of awareness stage- Captures new leads
Last-Touch– Assigns full credit to the last touchpoint– Emphasizes the importance of closing stage 

– Assigns equal credit to every touchpoint– Provide insights into the overall effectiveness of the marketing campaign

Time Decay
– Assign more credit to touchpoints that occurred closer to conversion– Recognizes recent marketing efforts’ influence on conversion

– Assigns more credit to touchpoints that occurred closer to conversion– Recognizes the importance of all touchpoints, with special emphasis on the initial & closing stage

– Assign credit to whichever touchpoints– Utilizes data & insights to pinpoint the most influential interactions

How to measure your marketing attribution?

Measuring attribution involves a structured process to track, analyze, and attribute conversions or desired actions to various touchpoints in the customer journey. Follow these steps and you’ll know how to implement your attribution measurements effectively.

how to measure your marketing credit allocation efforts

Step 1: Data Collection

The first step is to gather data from various sources, including website analytics tools (e.g., Google Analytics), advertising platforms (e.g., Google Ads, Facebook Ads), email marketing platforms, and customer relationship management (CRM) systems. This data includes website visits, ad clicks, email opens, and other relevant interactions. It’s also crucial to ensure that the data you collect is accurate and reliable

Step 2: Data Organization 

Combine data from different sources into a single, unified dashboard. Data integration tools like NestAds can help you create an overall picture of customer interactions. It’s also recommended to create a customer profile that includes all touchpoints and interactions to track the customer’s journey across channels.

Step 3: Attribution Modeling

Select the most suitable attribution model for your business that aligns with your marketing goals and objectives. Remember to take into account your customer journey’s complexity and the importance of various touchpoints. Once you have made a choice, it’s time to start applying the model and assign credit to the appropriate touchpoints. 

Step 4: Data Analysis

Equipped with the new sets of data, now you can start analyzing them to identify which channels are most influential and which ones may need adjustments. It’s recommended to segment your data based on customer segments, products, or campaigns. This will help you tailor your marketing strategies more effectively.

Step 5: Optimization 

Use the insights from your attribution analysis to refine your marketing strategies. Allocate your budget more effectively to high-impact channels, tweak messaging, or adjust targeting to improve overall performance. At the same time, continuously experiment with different marketing approaches, creatives, and messaging to find out which works best for your niche. 

Step 6. Monitoring & Reporting 

Attribution measurement is an ongoing process. Continuously monitor and evaluate the performance of your marketing efforts. Stay agile and be ready to update your strategies based on changing customer behavior and market trends. It’s also important to create periodical reports of the attribution metrics, KPIs, and campaign output to keep the organization informed. 

How to measure attribution in a cookieless era?

The impending removal of third-party cookies from web browsers has been a hot topic in the marketing industry. Cookies have long been a fundamental tool for tracking and attribution, allowing marketers to collect user data, analyze behavior, and measure the effectiveness of their campaigns. However, increased concerns over privacy and user consent have led to changes in how data is collected and shared online. Here are some tips to help you navigate through the beginning of a cookieless era. 

attribution measurement in the cookieless era

Leverage first-party data

The removal of third-party cookies will limit the ability to track individual user behavior across websites. Marketers will no longer have access to the same abundance of third-party data they once did. Due to this, it’s wise to switch over to first-party data. This refers to the data collected directly from your own website or interactions with customers. It’s not reliant on third-party cookies and can provide insights into your audience’s preferences and behaviors. At the same time, businesses should devote efforts towards building direct relationships with their audience. This can be done by encouraging customers to sign up for newsletters or provide consent for data collection. Whether your customers trust you with their data or not will determine your ability to continue tracking and optimizing your strategies. 

Contextual targeting

Instead of relying on individual user data, consider contextual advertising. This approach targets ads based on the content of the webpage a user is currently visiting rather than their past behavior. Also, make sure that your ads align with the content and context of the websites where they appear to retain your customers. 

Explore alternative attribution models

Experiment with other attribution models that rely on first-party data and consider all touchpoints within your ecosystem. This may include tracking interactions within your website or app. It’s also important to take into account the customer journey within your various digital assets to more accurately measure the effectiveness of your owned media. 

Navigating the future of measurement and attribution with NestAds

In this blog, we’ve gone over the vital role of measurement and attribution in the dynamic world of digital marketing. These practices, driven by key metrics and informed by attribution models, form the foundation of data-driven decision-making. However, the risks of third-party cookies removal mean that businesses must find other methods of collecting data. Some viable solutions include leveraging first-party data, contextual advertising, and innovative attribution approaches. 

In times like these, there is an urgent need for tools and applications that can help businesses gain in-depth insights and manage their ad performance better. NestAds – our leading advertising management software, can offer a handy solution to these challenges. With NestAds’ unified cross-channel metrics monitoring dashboard, multi-touch attribution model and extended attribution window, businesses can easily optimize their marketing plan and return on ad spent. With the expertise and dedicated support from our team, these challenges will seem like nothing.

Changes are inevitable, especially in the world of technology. Hence, businesses must continue to adapt, experiment, and deliver exceptional customer experiences to compete in this ever-evolving marketing landscape. And measurement and attribution are, without a doubt, two irreplaceable parts of the journey to strategy optimization and business success. 



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